What Love Once was Like in India”: Exploring the Literary Theme of Love in Premodern India

Ayesha Tirmzi


In the background of the study of literary texts in premodern India, there lies the preconceived notion that there were binaries present between Hindus and Muslims in medieval India just like the political binaries present today between India and Pakistan.1 This essay will contest the notion of Hindu-Muslim categories in premodern India by investigating why such a notion exists in the first place. Furthermore, it will explore some translations and embellished versions of Hindu epic stories such as the Padmavat and Nal-Daman to show that the actual experience between Hindus and Muslims in premodern India was quite the opposite.

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